The vast majority of English, Scottish and Irish silver produced in the last years is stamped with either 4 or 5 symbols, known as hallmarks. The prime purpose of these marks is to show that the metal of the item upon which they are stamped is of a certain level of purity. The metal is tested and marked at special offices, regulated by the government, known as assay offices. Only metal of the required standard will be marked. It is a form of consumer protection, whose origin goes back almost years. There are so many different hallmarks found on British silver that to know all of them would be impossible. Fortunately, with the use of a single reference book, it is possible for even a complete novice to decipher the vast majority. Although there are many books on the market which can be used to help read hallmarks, the standard book of reference, used by dealers and collectors world wide is Bradbury’s Book of Hallmarks.
LAPADA Guide to Reading British Silver Hallmarks
Throughout the nineteenth century (and still today), every British-made silver object offered for A third mark was the date mark, a letter of the alphabet used for the English Goldsmiths and Their Marks: A History of the Goldsmiths and Plate.
View all Silverware. Trays, Plates and Salvers. Fish Knives, Forks and Servers. View all Teaware. Samovars and Kettles. Art Deco.
Guide to Identifying Sterling Silver Flatware
In Part I, I gave a brief history of the development of the British silverplating industry in the 18th and 19th centuries. Now I would like to offer some tips on how to determine whether a given object is silver, Old Sheffield Plate or silverplate. In England silver has been marked in some manner since the 12th century when it was first regulated by Parliament. The marks made it possible to trace the maker and the place of manufacture. This helped to protect the consumer, for if it was determined that the silver object was not actually pure enough to be marked as silver, the culprit could be found and punishment could be meted out.
Sheffield College – The Silver Plate Restaurant at The Sheffield College. For enrolment queries, email [email protected] to rearrange for a later date please let us know and we will of course move your booking and honour your.
Silver is one of the first metals known to man. A small concentration of silver can kill harmful bacteria and was used to prevent infection before the use of antibiotics. British sterling silver is easy to identify as it has always has a lion stamped on it. But what do the other marks mean? The other marks are interesting as they show exactly where an item was made, who made it and when.
This hallmarking identification dates from AD and is still being used today. This is the British assay mark proving that the piece has been tested as This mark was used between December and April If there are no marks, then it is NOT sterling silver. You may need a magnifier or jeweller’s loupe to find the mark, but it will be there if it is English silver. However silver plate is when a thin layer of pure silver is deposited by a process of electrolysis onto the surface of an item already made from a base metal such as copper, brass or nickel.
This process was invented in Manufacturers are not allowed to use the word sterling on plated items. Alpaca does NOT contain any silver and is not silver plate.
A Guide to British Sterling Silver Hallmarks
I have several older pieces of silver; trays, plate, silverware, and am having trouble finding ways to identify them. I would like to start with 2 items and hope I can get pics up. This small silver tray is a EPC piece but the other markings I cannot find. There is a bearded man, crown and what looks like a fancy g with a slash through the middle, then the number Can you tell me what this all means.
Also, how would one get the black marks out of the center of the tray?
The term ‘hallmark’ dates back to From this time, English silver was required to be at least % silver and % other metals. Silver plate hallmarks.
EPC stands for electroplated copper. Though the term EPC refers to electroplating, the technique used to create Sheffield pieces was mainly mechanical and chemical. Early Sheffield plate is notoriously difficult to date because there was no legal requirement to hallmark an item until , according to Bryan Douglas Silver. Flip your silver item over and look around the surface for a hallmark. Instead it is likely silver-plated nickel from the 19th century or later.
Search for a symbol or initials on the metal. Old Sheffield Plate is usually identified using certain names and dates imprinted on the metal. Marks include two sun-shapes for Boulton. Many other makers have their names in small shapes or shields. Check the maker name against the date listed in a hallmark guide such as “Miller’s Silver and Plate Antiques Checklist” or “Bradbury’s Book of Hallmarks.
Note the decoration. Items in a gadroon rope-twist or shell border are usually Regency style, so likely date to the 19th century. Plain angular designs are often from a later period, such as the art deco style of the early 20th century. Neoclassical styles such as small bead borders or column candlesticks might indicate a piece from the early s.
Elkington & Co. (England) silver wares
See also the definitions page in this guide for additional information on hallmark components. Note at centre of the image at right the four elements of the hallmark. Detailed image of hallmark far right. Locate the assay office. If your item does not have one of the standard fineness marks, either traditional or numerical, then it is probably silver plate or is from another county. Go no further.
A silver-plated piece is simply a base metal that is coated with silver; so while silver can be a bit more complex, as the history of British hallmarking dates back.
Silver Makers Marks come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Many new comers to the world of collecting Silver often become confused with the large variety of markings on Silver Items. The new collector should focus first on trying to identify whether the item is in fact a Silver Item. Since the 16th century there have been various methods of coating a base metal with Silver or Gold.
The first being Mercury or fire plating where a base metal was heated in a furnace and a solution of mercury and silver was applied and the item re heated. The Mercury evaporated and left the Silver coating. There followed other methods such as coating an object with tin and then a thin film of silver was laid onto the top of the tin. This was heated to a exact temperature until the tin fused with the silver.
This was referred to as Close Plating.
Confusing Marks on Sterling Silver and Silver Plate
Conversation dating walker hall. Early 20th century walker hall of sheffield. First raised in very good condition. Welcome to represent dates than any true piece of i have fruit or bid confidently today! Browse made from walker hall. Silver forks, pair of patterns at a most handsome late thearly th century.
English Hallmarked Birmingham Sterling Silver Embossed Pill Box, dated Gift Ideas, Silver English Silver-Plated Water Pitcher with Removable Lid.
We love to buy silver items. We are experts in silver and are happy to purchase antique or modern English hallmarked items, as well as other sterling silver and continental silver pieces. English silver, with very few exceptions, will be hallmarked. You should expect to see four or sometimes five stamps.
Very few people can remember all date letters for each assay office they have thankfully now started using the same date letter as a uniform code , but we can usually tell the age of your piece s if we can view them or if you send us photographs or we can look up the exact year of manufacture from the date letter. European silver is usually slightly lower grade and may be marked or indicating and parts of silver in every and some countries have their own specific hallmark stamps.
Silver plate date marks
Sheffield Plate is a cheaper substitute for sterling, produced by fusing sheets of silver to the top and bottom of a sheet of copper or base metal. This ‘silver sandwich’ was then worked into finished pieces. At first it was only put on one side and later was on top and bottom. Modern electroplating was invented by Italian chemist Luigi V.
A silver object that is to be sold commercially is, in most countries, stamped with one or more silver hallmarks indicating the purity of the silver, the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith, and other (optional) markings to indicate date of manufacture and additional prevent British sterling silver coins from being melted to make silver plate.
Our illustrated guide highlights the subtle ways you can discover the origins of any piece of silver. One of the most common inquiries at antique shows often has to do with authenticity: How do you know whether or not something is made of real silver? Collectors aren’t always looking for pure sterling silver , per se, but they should be able to know the value and composition of the pieces they’re buying.
Most of the time, you can find the information you’re looking for by simply taking a closer look at the teaspoon , fish fork, ice cream saw, or cheese scoup that you’re eyeing. More often than not, you can find an indented mark or a series of marks that can tell you a lot about the item: what it’s made of, where it was made, when, and by whom.
You can find many different kinds of silver in the marketplace today. Some of the oldest American silver is “coin,” which contains at least Mint after the American Revolution-which rose to 90 percent in the years after Sterling, on the other hand, must be at least
English Silver Makers Marks
Silver Dictionary’ of A Small Collection of Antique Silver and Objects of vertu , a pages richly illustrated website offering all you need to know about antique silver, sterling silver, silverplate, Sheffield plate, electroplate silver, silverware, flatware, tea services and tea complements, marks and hallmarks, articles, books, auction catalogs, famous silversmiths Tiffany, Gorham, Jensen, Elkington , history, oddities This makes difficult the research of information for inexperienced people.
The objective of this page is to help the visitors of the site in deciphering the marks of their British silverplate. A set of symbols imitating the shape of sterling silver hallmarking. These are “generic marks ” used by various silverplate makers.
standard fineness marks, either traditional or numerical, then it is probably silver plate or lion passant denotes silver marked in England; lion rampant denotes silver marked in The date letter shows the year that assaying was carried out.
But, to be honest, some are much better than others. Use this guide to discover some of the favorite spots where those in the know go online. You will learn to understand and research silver origins, craftsmen, and manufacturers using hallmarks, along with a few online value guides to help you with that daunting task as well. There are many different grades of silver, and even antique items that look like silver such as German silver, nickel silver, and alpaca but are not at all what they appear to be.
This guide will help you decipher the basic marks associated with silver and understand exactly what they mean. This popular site is highly recommended by avid collectors and antique dealers alike. Also has a section of silver plate marks, which can sometimes be even more obscure and harder to identify than sterling silver maker’s marks.
If you’re sure your piece is American made, this is a great place to start your research. This collection of American manufacturers and retailers of sterling silver, coin silver, and silver plate marks are listed alphabetically by manufacturer. While the information here isn’t as extensive as that held in the guides mentioned above, it is a very useful introduction to silver hallmarks used on antique and vintage jewelry from around the globe.